Youth Criminal Justice Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In 1998, the federal government, under Liberal Prime Minister Jean , announced a new strategy for youth justice, based in part on the recommendations of the Standing Committee. In March 1999, the government introduced Bill C-68 in the House of Commons, the first version of the Youth Criminal Justice Act. The legislation was later re-introduced as Bill C-3 in October 1999, following Parliament's summer recess, but only made it to second reading before Parliament was dissolved for the 2000 general election. The final version of the Act was re-introduced again in 2001 as Bill C-7 and passed in the House in February 2002. The new Act came into effect in April 2003, replacing the Young Offenders Act.

Youth Criminal Justice Act - The Canadian Encyclopedia

For more information on the provisions of the Youth Criminal Justice Act:

The Youth Criminal Justice Act Summary and Background

In attempts to address the concerns of Canadians and to react to the youth crime problem, lawmakers have, from time to time, proposed amendments to youth justice legislation. This document provides an overview of the principal legislative provisions that govern the way in which the police, the courts and the correctional systems must deal with those between 12 and 17 years of age when they are charged with a crime. The first section briefly traces the evolution of Canadian legislation in the area. The second section describes the philosophy and principles underlying the Youth Criminal Justice Act (), which currently governs criminal and justice matters affecting young people in Canada. The third section briefly outlines the sentences imposed on those convicted of an offence as a young person. The final section deals with the possible consequences of a conviction under the , specifically how criminal records are established and kept and how bodily substances may be taken in order to store a young person’s DNA in the National DNA Data Bank administered by the RCMP.

Youth Criminal Justice Act - Reintegration

Youth crime in general, and violent youth crime in particular, is a significant source of concern to many Canadians. In part, the concern is connected with an impression that crime committed by young people is on the rise, though the latest police statistics indicate that by 2011 the youth crime rate had fallen by 22% compared with 2001. The drop in youth crime rates over this period was mainly the result of a decrease in property crime. The rate of violent crimes in which the alleged perpetrator is a young person decreased by 12% between 2001 and 2011, while the rate of youth property crime dropped by 31%. In 2011, police identified 135,647 alleged youth criminals, of whom 42,799 were suspected of violent crimes.

The  included a number of changes to the youth criminal justice system, including these:
Youth or juvenile crime is a controversial issue in Canadian politics. While the fact that youth crime is quite common in Canada is lamentable, there are disagreements concerning how to treat youths in the criminal system. The controversy centres on the best approach taken to address youth offenders and the severity of punishment that should be given. This article provides a historical overview of Canadian approaches to youth justice. It outlines several stages of Canadian legislation, including the 1908 Juvenile Delinquents Act, the 1982 Young Offenders Act, and the 2003 Youth Criminal Justice Act.In addition, the Act makes substantive changes to the current system for sentencing youth as adults. First, youth will no longer be transferred to adult court. Instead, youth court judges have the authority to impose adult sentences. Second, the legislation lowers the age for sentencing youth as adults. Under the amended Young Offenders Act, there was a presumption that cases involving youth aged 16 or over charged with murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, or aggravated sexual assault would be transferred to adult court. The Youth Criminal Justice Act lowers the age of presumption to 14; however, individual provinces can raise the age to 15 or 16. Furthermore, in addition to the offences mentioned above, judges can hand out adult sentences to repeat serious offenders. However, the Act places more emphasis on treatment for violent young offenders than the Young Offender Act, believing that rehabilitating them is in the best interests of both the offender and society.
The report suggests that the implementation of the Youth Criminal Justice Act in 2003 is having an effect in driving the numbers down.

Restorative Justice & Youth Criminal Justice Act

"Young Persons" who are 10-11 years old perhaps do have the mental capacity to understand that what they are doing is technically wrong, however, they do not understand what they are doing fully. Their minds do not comprehend what they are doing as a criminal act. Obviously they know right from wrong, but they do not know the full impact oftheir actions. When you are 10, you are not thinking like an adult, nor do you think of the consequences of your action. To say that they are not liable for their actions is one thing, but to hold them criminally responsible like an adult is not right. To treat a 10 yr. old the same as a 35yr. old is a HUGE mistake. Youth Courts, and the Youth Criminal Justice Act are in place to protect societies youth's fromill-treatment. And i feel that although kids can acknowledge what they are doing is bad, they can notrationalize it into a criminal charge or even a criminal action since they have not been educated on that subject.

and the numbers on remand and probation have been reduced considerably since the introduction of the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

Youth Criminal Justice - Common Questions

"The findings suggest that transfer made little difference in deterring youthsfrom reoffending. Adult processing of youths in criminal court actuallyincreases recidivism rather than [having] any incapacitative effects on crimecontrol and community protection."

Thugs come in all races. When I was a youth criminals were called thugs. The thugs in my neighborhood were all white.

I hear people say that youth criminals can't help it

10 and 11 year olds should be charged and prosecutedfor their crimes. By the age of seven you know the difference between right and wrong. For close to eighty years, under the old and better Juvenile Delinquents Act, children seven and older could besentenced to reform school. Then, in 1984, the YouthOffender's Act came along and let even the worst youth criminals literally get away with murder.