Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird

especially in the fall after crops were harvested. my father had to supplement the family income with other jobs. on credit. then hauled it away to be processed and baled. It was a hard life but for us it was always special. a system in which you would concentrate on cash crops and split the profit down the middle with the owner. The entire family. and the unfailing challenge from a sea of hostile faces.) You could expect to produce about half a bale of cotton an acre in Scott County. in open fields. sometimes under a golden autumn moon. In the late fall or in between farms he would work as a logger for the sawmills. helped in this. and ignored. often made up our own games. We played in the dirt yard." The constant moving meant that there was always the horror of a new school for the children. and even if they owned no property. "That. You picked it. to provide milk for the family. we amused ourselves with songs and reading and word games. Mississippi." she remembered. like other sharecroppers. At times. Most were intelligent and believed in working hard. my grandfather would gather the older girls and their friends and take them on hayrides—a horse and a wagon. By the 1930s the land was worn out and poor in the South. four-room house made of wood. and keeping meticulously clean. he anticipated selling his farm equipment and working fulltime as a sawmill laborer. In the house in bad weather or in the evenings. They were devout church-goers and devoted family members. on the land of the Delta. My sister. We lived a happy if hard life. "I felt like a chicken in a bunch of wolves." The poor people we knew were very much like us. My sister remembers most pleasantly that in good weather. My mother remembered buying a cow. you could expect two bales an acre. "was the greatest. where my father and mother first started out. always managing to have the vegetable garden. with a tin roof. Landlords spent nothing. But even in the good days it was already diminished. filled with kids. We did both. and spoke "ungrammatically" and with an accent that grated on upper-class ears. under an autumn sun). sometimes you spent more than you ever made. out across the fields and along small dirt lanes. (And in the great boom days of the 1920s. We knew even then though that not all poor people were like us.160Understanding To Kill a Mockingbirdfarm on shares (sharecropping). Some. the farmer was forgotten. stored it. And as the land became poorer and poorer. there came a tiny. including the children. There was also a continuous problem of diet. noted. as my father's brother once wrote from Natchez. My earliest memory in fact is of picking cotton (all together. expenses rose. remembering these constant new challenges. living upright lives. even if their clothes were made of flour sacks (which was often the case). With the farm we rented or worked for a season on shares. and prices fell.

Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird.

Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird

Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird

One article from the Birmingham News: "Alabama Not Alone in Tradition Fight.". February 25.92Understanding To Kill a MockingbirdSaturday." Friday. One article from the Birmingham News: "UA Faculty Continues Probe of Disorders. 1956. 1956. March 3.

Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird

He said there would be no further efforts to reach a compromise because Negro leaders had time and again rejected "all reasonable proposals." WITH MRS. a neighbor. their 7-week-old-girl and Mrs. KING carrying the baby. . We are not hurt. . IT WAS THE FIRST act of violence reported since the initial week of the boycott. also on the scene. ." "Don't get panicky. the two women ducked into a back room just as the explosion shattered windows. whose members recentiy joined a pro-segregation organization after weeks of unsuccessful negotiations with boycott leaders. Rev. "Don't get your weapons. 5 in protest to the segregated seating arrangement required on buses by state and city laws. " Then he added: "I want it to be known the length and breadth of this land that if I am stopped this movement (the boycott) will not stop. which began Dec.M." Rev. ripped a hole in the porch and cracked a porch column. Arriving home 15 minutes after the explosion from a mass meeting at a church. King's wife. offered a reward of $500 for information leading to the arrest and conviction of those responsible for bombing King's home. " At the same time. Brother King. and remember." Then Police Commissioner Clyde Sellers told the throng: "I will do everything in my power to bring the guilty parties to prison. A. Negroes in the crowd cried "Amen. the most outspoken leader in the boycott movement. were in the home alone when they heard a thud "like a brick hitting the front porch. He began by asking the group to be "peaceful. King then addressed the group again: "Go home and don't worry." he appealed to the crowd. Gayle. told the Negroes the "entire white community is for law and order and none of us condone or believe in these sort of acts. M." [Mayor Gayle stated] last week that the city commission was through "pussyfooting around" with boycotters." AS HE SPOKE. Remember that is what God said. . King." and "God bless you.100Understanding To Kill a MockingbirdAn explosion which police said was caused either by a hand grenade or dynamite shattered windows at the home of the Rev. Shots were fired at a few buses during the first week. Rev. it was revealed that all three members of the City. but they caused no injuries and litde damage. if anything happens to me there will be others to take my place." Mayor W. The Montgomery City Commission. King first assured himself of his family's safety and then addressed about 300 Negroes who gathered outside his home. He who lives by the sword will perish by the sword. Roscoe Williams. L. . . No one was injured in the blast about 9:15 P. (CST).

Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird
Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird - Google Books

Understanding to Kill a Mockingbird - Goodreads

Objections are usually raised orally in public meetings. it has been summarized by Jill P. Parents of such children have argued that schools should accommodate those whose religious beliefs are violated by required readings." In Alabama it was challenged by a parent who objected to the word "damn. New York. The reference to rape and the use of obscene and curse words continued to be cited as objections. in 1977 the novel was removed from schools because of the use of "damn" and "whore lady. The most highly publicized case occurred in 1966 in Hanover County. and to racial slurs." and in the Vernon-Verona-Sherill.200Understanding To Kill a Mockingbirdand therefore are not being adequately educated. In Warren. May in an article entitled "Censors as Critics: To Kill a Mockingbird as a Case Study" and is continually updated in the American Library Association's Newsletter on Intellectual Freedom* Objections to the use of To Kill a Mockingbird in the classroom or its presence on library shelves were made chiefly in the South in the years just after its publication." Language in the novel has also provoked objections in Wisconsin. Challenges to the book spread to other parts of the country during the 1970s and 1980s. The American Library Association provides us with a partial list of challenges on these grounds. like The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. in 1981 several citizens found the novel to "represent institutionalized racism under the guise of. trashy novel." In a school in Pennsylvania the novel was removed from shelves on the complaint of a teacher that it contained the word "piss. In Eden Valley. and Illinois. West Virginia. to the theme of rape. Virginia. we know that most of the objections to Harper Lee's novel fall into three categories: objections to foul language. there is little documented evidence on the objections to To Kill a Mockingbird. From records accumulated by the American Library Association. To Kill a Mockingbird. Minnesota. The history of censorship of To Kill a Mockingbird is complex. Although all the black characters are sympathetic and the novel exposes racism as abhorrent and white racists as ludicrous and hypocritical. The chief reason given was that it was immoral. which are not widely reported in the press. school district in 1980 on the grounds that it was a "filthy. Washington. has frequently been challenged by African-American parents chiefly because it contains racial slurs. Unfortunately. where the school board initially decided that the novel would not be on the list of books approved for school use. Indiana.

Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird: A Student ..

Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird - OverDrive

scenes of sexual relations. but that teachers. To Kill a Mockingbird has also been challenged frequently. In writing about why parents want to protect their children from reading material they consider offensive or dangerous. These organizations have on several occasions gone to court in attempts to have materials removed from schools. Those who are interested in removing certain books from shelves or classrooms believe students are harmed by reading these materials. and Slaughterhouse Five. The Wizard of Oz. Snow White. discovering curse words.. believe that we are now pushing ideas as we formerly pushed the ideas in Silas Marner and JuliusCaesar?2One big difference between those who challenge books and those who support the freedom to read (e. Why should anyone be surprised. Small. What is the other side of the censorship issue? Who challenges books? Why do these individuals argue that certain materials should not be available in school libraries and classrooms? Studies indicate that the single largest group of censors are parents. R. one must consider the arguments that provoke efforts to censor books. and other citizens who are not necessarily speaking as parents also challenge books. To grasp the issue clearly. school administrators.. The "classics" most frequently challenged on moral grounds are The Scarlet Letter. The Catcher in the Rye. Jr. Why should it now be so surprising that parents. In addition. after all—to believe that great works contain great truths and that masterpieces are such because of their power to influence. questions about the existence of God. arguments against the current American social order. Lord of the Flies. says that teachers have been telling their students for decades that books are powerful and have the capacity to change lives.198Understanding To Kill a Mockingbirdbooks removed from school reading lists and library shelves is very strong indeed. when some parents take seriously what they have been taught about the power of books and decide that some books can have the power to harm? We have led parents—our former students. there are a number of so-called watchdog organizations that scrutinize school library shelves and textbooks and raise objections to materials.g. C. members of the. he writes. The Grapes of Wrath. that particular books lead students in inappropriate directions.

Understanding To kill a mockingbird : a student casebook to issues, sources, and historic documents

Understanding To Kill a Mockingbird » Video » Surfnetkids

A I started out at Huntsvilie. MR. THE COURT: Sustain the objection. and Jack Tiller go out together? A Yes sir. MR. whether or not you. Gentlemen (to the jury). especially in view of the Court's reference to counsel— THE COURT: I am ruling according to the law as I understand it. LEIBOWITZ: Your Honor. and there can't be anything in it except a vicious attempt to get something before the jury that I have ruled is improper. that is you with Ruby Bates. MR. LEIBOWITZ: I do this in justice to my client. from what part of town did you go? MR. Q I want to know—now don't answer until the Court says you may— if the night before you left Huntsvilie before this train ride. MR. Leibowitz. what the arrangements were. Witness. MR. Q Where did you go from immediately before you left Huntsvilie. I want to move for a mistrial. THE COURT: I decline to do that. KNIGHT: We object to that.. you will pay no attention to the expression "vicious attempt. and the Court holds that it is illegal. I will withdraw that. with Victoria Price. LEIBOWITZ: I want to show you how they got to the station. Ruby Bates.46Understanding To Kill a MockingbirdTHE COURT: Never mind about the time you were in jail. Q Did you and Victoria Price. LEIBOWITZ: We respectfully except. that puts it out of the case just as if it never happened. that is not evidence. LEIBOWITZ: We except. and Jack Tiller with Victoria Price. in view of the Court's characterization that defendant's counsel made a vicious attempt to force testimony into the record. Whenever a question is asked and objected to. I have ruled on that very legal point a half dozen times." Don't let that enter into your consideration or in your minds. Ruby Bates. MR. If that particular word is offensive to you. KNIGHT: I object to that. in the presence of each other. Mr. that is in rebuttal of Victoria Price's testimony that she never saw this man in her life before the trip. did not have sexual intercourse— THE COURT: That has been raised so often. Mr. I won't press it further. I want to note an exception to the Court's ruling. Victoria Price. and Jack Tiller. you must not answer so quick.