crop cultivation and standard of living in developing countries.
Standard of Living in Developing Countries
British government official Valerie Amos became Baroness Amos in 1997, when British Prime Minister Tony Blair appointed her as a life peer. The honor gave the Guyana-born Labour Party member a seat in the House of Lords, the upper chamber of British Parliament, and she became the first black woman ever to serve there. In 2003 Amos achieved another historic British first: she became the first woman of color ever appointed to a cabinet post. As the new secretary of state for International Development, Amos would work with the British Foreign Office, international and domestic aid agencies, and foreign governments to help raise the standard of living in developing countries around the globe. Centuries of British colonial rule had left a legacy of suspicion in some parts of Africa and elsewhere toward foreign intervention, but Amos declared that her achievement was the harbinger of a new, twenty-first century era. She told a South African audience that the last vestige of colonialism had vanished. Guardian writers Nicholas Watt and Michael White quoted her as saying, The fact that it is me standing here as a British minister, a descendant of those colonised, is surely demonstration of this.
achieve a standard of living in developing countries
The private-sector basis of the activities of NGOs in Japan is still frail. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs launched the NGO Project Subsidy Scheme in FY1989 to provide financial assistance for NGOs struggling to maintain their funding commitment to development projects involving the dispatch of experts to developing countries. Projects eligible for subsidy under the scheme are small-scale arrangements which cannot be effectively assisted by government-level ODA, which are regarded as contributing to humanitarian objectives, economic and social development, or the stabilization of the standard of living in developing countries. As a general rule, voluntary NGOs in Japan are eligible for a subsidy of an amount between ¥500,000 and ¥15 million per project to defray up to 50% of the total project cost. The support scheme was further enhanced in fiscal 1994 by widening the eligibility for subsidies to include remuneration paid to overseas volunteers. A total of ¥82.58 million was paid to 15 NGOs for 23 projects in the first year of the scheme, which had risen to ¥809.1 million paid to 128 NGOs for 215 projects by FY1996. An amount of ¥1.2 billion was appropriated for the scheme in FY1997.