How Some Folks Have Tried to Describe Community
Bull City Mutterings: Words to Describe a Community
Taking a different approach, McKeown and colleagues analyzed the way community was conceptualized in 4 classic ethnographic studies conducted by 2 anthropologists at different stages in their careers. They noted overall agreement in the use of 4 basic attributes to describe community: locality, biological and social membership, common institutions, and shared actions. From a psychological perspective and using an empiric approach that parallels our own, Chavis and colleagues identified 4 elements composing a sense of community: membership, influence, integration and fulfillment of needs, and shared emotional connection.
Six ways to describe your community wksheets - SOLS
The profiles for Durham and Philadelphia also had a surface resemblance to each other. In contrast with San Francisco participants and the scientists, Durham and Philadelphia participants viewed locus as the principal element of community. This was especially true for IDUs in Philadelphia. Both groups emphasized the importance of joint action and social ties, while minimally discussing the role of diversity. African American participants in Durham included more college-educated and nonheterosexual individuals than did Philadelphia participants and, perhaps as a result, were somewhat more likely to discuss the role of shared perspectives for community than were Philadelphia participants. In both Durham and Philadelphia, most people described community as a “given” in their immediate environment. However, for IDUs, the given community environment was less likely to be described as supportive than for African Americans in Durham.